Our new article has been accepted in CSBJ:
Ren Y, Chakraborty T, Doijad S, Falgenhauer L, Falgenhauer J, Goesmann A, Schwengers O, Heider D: Multi-label classification for multi-drug resistance prediction of Escherichia coli. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal 2022, 20:1264-1270. (Link)
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health and development threat. In particular, multi-drug resistance (MDR) is increasingly common in pathogenic bacteria. It has become a serious problem to public health, as MDR can lead to the failure of treatment of patients. MDR is typically the result of mutations and the accumulation of multiple resistance genes within a single cell. Machine learning methods have a wide range of applications for AMR prediction. However, these approaches typically focus on single drug resistance prediction and do not incorporate information on accumulating antimicrobial resistance traits over time. Thus, identifying multi-drug resistance simultaneously and rapidly remains an open challenge. In our study, we could demonstrate that multi-label classification (MLC) methods can be used to model multi-drug resistance in pathogens. Importantly, we found the ensemble of classifier chains (ECC) model achieves accurate MDR prediction and outperforms other MLC methods. Thus, our study extends the available tools for MDR prediction and paves the way for improving diagnostics of infections in patients. Furthermore, the MLC methods we introduced here would contribute to reducing the threat of antimicrobial resistance and related deaths in the future by improving the speed and accuracy of the identification of pathogens and resistance.