Our new article has been accepted in NARGAB:
Spänig S, Mohsen S, Hattab G, Hauschild AC, Heider D: A large-scale comparative study on peptide encodings for biomedical classification. NAR Genomics and Bioinformatics 2021, 3(2): lqab039. (Link)
Owing to the great variety of distinct peptide encodings, working on a biomedical classification task at hand is challenging. Researchers have to determine encodings capable to represent underlying patterns as numerical input for the subsequent machine learning. A general guideline is lacking in the literature, thus, we present here the first large-scale comprehensive study to investigate the performance of a wide range of encodings on multiple datasets from different biomedical domains. For the sake of completeness, we added additional sequence- and structure-based encodings. In particular, we collected 50 biomedical datasets and defined a fixed parameter space for 48 encoding groups, leading to a total of 397 700 encoded datasets. Our results demonstrate that none of the encodings are superior for all biomedical domains. Nevertheless, some encodings often outperform others, thus reducing the initial encoding selection substantially. Our work offers researchers to objectively compare novel encodings to the state of the art. Our findings pave the way for a more sophisticated encoding optimization, for example, as part of automated machine learning pipelines. The work presented here is implemented as a large-scale, end-to-end workflow designed for easy reproducibility and extensibility. All standardized datasets and results are available for download to comply with FAIR standards.